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Request

Spry's request object is the HttpRequest object from dart:io. We assume that you are already familiar with it. If you are not familiar with it, you can check out dart:io → HTTP Request documentation.

Next, let’s take a look at the magic Spry adds to HttpRequest:

Application

On any request, you have access to the Spry Application instance.

WARNING

You can modify the runtime configuration to a limited extent. Of course, modifications such as routes, middleware, etc. will be invalid after your Spry application has been started.

dart
app.get('/config', (request) {
    return {
        "encoding": request.application.encoding.name,
    };
});

Clone

Theoretically, dart:io's HttpRequest is designed based on Stream. Once you read the stream data, you cannot read it again.

dart
request.listen((event) { ... }); // ✅
request.listen((event) { ... }); // ❌ Error: Stream has already been listened to.

But we usually have to read data in some special Handler or middleware, but do not expect to affect subsequent Handlers or middleware. At this time, we can use the clone method to clone a new HttpRequest Object.

dart
final request2 = request.clone();

request2.listen((event) { ... }); // ✅
request.listen((event) { ... });  // ✅

Form Data

Spry adds a formData method to HttpRequest for parsing data in application/x-www-form-urlencoded and multipart/form-data formats.

dart
final formData = await request.formData();

for (final (name, _) in formData.entries()) {
    print("Form Data: $name");
}

TIP

FormData is exported by Spry, but the implementation comes from package:webfetch, which is based on [MDN FormData](https://developer.mozilla.org /en-US/docs/Web/API/FormData).

JSON

Spry adds a json method to HttpRequest for parsing data in application/json format.

dart
final json = await request.json();

WARNING

The json method usually treats the incoming data as text, and then uses the jsonDecode method in dart:convert to parse the data, so if your data is not in application/json format, then you can use text method to parse the data.

JSON performance

The performance of Dart's built-in json parser is not good. You can use middleware to implement custom JSON data parsing.

You can configure #spry.json.codec to tell Spry what JsonCodec should be used to parse JSON data.

dart
app.locals[#spry.json.codec] = convert.json; // This is default.

TIP

spry.json.codec also works with request.locals, but is useful with specifying JsonCodec for a single use.

WARNING

Your custom JSON parser must implement the JsonCodec interface.

For more information about JsonCodec, check out the dart:convert → JsonCodec documentation.

Text

Spry adds text to HttpRequest to help you read the body as text.

dart
final text = await request.text();

URL Search Params

In addition to accessing URL information through request.url, Spry adds a searchParams attribute for parsing query parameters in the URL.

dart
print(request.searchParams.get('name'));

TIP

searchParams returns a URLSearchParams object, which is exported by Spry, but the implementation comes from package:webfetch, which is based on MDN URLSearchParams.

Route

You can access the routing information of the current request through request.route.

dart
print(request.route.path);

TIP

For routing parameters, you can check out the Basics → Routing documentation.